WORDS THAT SOUND ALIKE
Sometimes we confuse words that sound the same or similar.
You’re: You are. // You’re a really nice person.
Your: Belonging to you. // I like your hat.
They’re: They are. // They’re going on vacation.
There: In a specified location. // My car is parked over there.
Their: Belonging to them. // Bill and Sally are on their honeymoon.
TIP: When in doubt, spell it out. Use you are and they are. Avoiding contractions will help you avoid errors.
To: Indicates movement or direction. // Alex is going to school.
Too: Also. // Joe likes pizza, too.
Too: In excess. // Janet ate too much pizza.
Two: The whole number between one and three. // Fred ate pizza for two days.
Then: Indicates time, order in a sequence. // We will go to the movies, then we will get dinner.
Than: A term used for comparison. // Anita is taller than Sebastian.
Who: A pronoun referring to a person.
That: A pronoun referring to an object or concept.
APOSTROPHES DO NOT FORM PLURALS
Most words just need an S added to the end.
- Singular: Book
- Plural: Books
- Singular: Car
- Plural: Cars
- Singular: Computer
- Plural: Computers
Most words that end in an S get an ES at the end to become plural. Still, no apostrophe.
- Singular: Guess
- Plural: Guesses
- Singular: Glass
- Plural: Glasses
- Singular: Lens
- Plural: Lenses
Sometimes a plural is a different word altogether, but it still does not use an apostrophe.
- Singular: Mouse
- Plural: Mice
- Singular: Goose
- Plural: Geese
- Singular: Tooth
- Plural: Teeth
Apostrophes are used for possession.
- The book’s cover is blue.
- My car’s windshield is cracked.
- She replaced the computer’s hard drive.
PERIODS AND QUESTION MARKS
A period ends a sentence that is a statement (a telling sentence).
- I am going shopping.
- Sally likes Italian food.
- The sky is blue.
A question mark ends a sentence that is a question (an asking sentence).
- Are you going shopping?
- What kind of food does Sally like?
- What color is the sky?
Sometimes, when we make a statement that tells the reader that we are wondering or questioning something, we want to put a question mark at the end.
- I thought we were going to the movies?
It is still a statement. A period ends a sentence that is a statement (a telling sentence).
- I thought we were going to the movies.
The writer is telling the reader something, not asking a question.